Educational Research Design Module (Week 1)
The following is a description of the Tuesday morning class that took place on 4th April 2017 from 10:00 to 13:00.
THIS WEEK: Role of Research and Role of the Researcher
NOTES: from today’s class…
Introducing the Module
Research Proposal for Assessment
Role of Research
What is Research?
– Body of material
– Noun or Verb
…the systematic, controlled, empirical and critical investigation of hypothetical propositions about the presumed relations among natural phenomena.
Cohen & Mannion (2007)
What does Research Do?
– Asks questions
– Examines Policy/Practice
– Provides Solutions
– Creates Questions
What Makes Good Research
– Clear Objectives
– Theoretical Background
– Can be built on
Who Does Research
– In education, undergraduates and postgraduates
– Professional Researchers
What is Educational Research?
…the collection and analysis of information on the world of education so as to understand it and explain it better.
Opine, 2007 p.3
Role of Your Research
What’s my goal?
Ans. To bring about change in my area of teaching.
What can I get from the process?
How can other’s potentially benefit from my research?
Role of Researcher during the Research Process
– Research Proposal
– Literature Review
– Research Design and Methodology
– Listener Proofreader
– Decision Maker
– Ethics Guardian
Paper (Say on effects/supports provided by the artefact)
Artefact (say website for teachers)
Ontology and Epistemology
Ontology – knowledge that’s out there to be known (all the stars)
Epistemology – how we are going to come to know about it (use a telescope)
Ontology – Definition…..
O’Leary, 2010, p.5
Ontology – What’s out there to know?
Epistemology – How can we know about it
Methodology – How can we go about acquiring that knowledge?
Methods – Which precise procedures can we use to acquire it
Sources – Which data can we collect?
Figure 1: The interrelationship between the building blocks of research
Source: Figure adapted from Hay, 2002, p.64
A scheme for analysing assumptions about the nature of social science
Cohen & Mannion quoting Burrell
– Empirical observation and measurement
– theory verification
– Multiple participant meanings
– Consequences of actions
– Problem- centred
Creswell 2014, p.6
Framework for Research
Postpostivist => Quantitative
Constructivist => Qualitative
…plus 2 others?
Paradigms and Paradigm Wars
Qualitative v Quantitative
Quantitative Purists: We can observe objectively, measure, analyse and determine reliable and valid outcomes
Qualitative Purists: It is not possible nor desirable to research objectively, multiple realities constructed by individuals
As an educational researcher you need to be aware of your perspective…
– What assumptions might you be making?
– What is your “home” discipline telling you and is it different to what you are investigating here?
What might be the connections with learning theories?
Researching with people?
Your Research in Practice
RESEARCH IS THINKING WORK
Focus shifts from design/disciplinary tradition to the research question
What is the best (mix) of methods we can use to answer that question?
The Research and Writing Process
Research is not necessarily a linear process
Step 1 => Step 2 => Step 3 => Step 4
Your Approach will Depend on your Preference
– Coming up with an idea, writing, showing it to others, rewriting