S3-Post 02

Reflection on Practice

The MSc Applied eLearning has been a wonderful learning experience over two years, from September 2016 up until July 2018. It provided me with a learning framework to acquire new skills, knowledge, and perspectives. The course allowed me to revisit areas of education, such as learning theories, that I first encountered during pre-service teacher education and later built on during a MEd degree in Trinity College Dublin. The Instructional Design (ID) module gave me an understanding and appreciation of ID models, as well as a conceptual framework to design, develop and evaluate eLearning resources. The timetabled tutorials and workshops guided me on my research pathway that ultimately led to my research proposal at the end of Year 1, and my Applied Project in Year 2.

Learning Theories
During the lectures for this first module of Year 1, and in researching my paper, I greatly enhanced my knowledge and understanding of learning theories. I researched how the various learning theories, such as behaviourism, can be applied to eLearning. Applications that utilise elements of gamification are often behaviourist in orientation (Zichermann & Cunningham, 2011). My Assistant Principal post of responsibility is ICT Co-ordinator, and for future discussions relating to the eLearning Plan, it was good to learn that two of the apps that are widely in my school, Socrative and Kahoot, utilise a behaviourist paradigm. However, if quizzes developed using these apps are designed to encourage group or whole class discussion, then it is possible that some of the learning that occurs can be explained in the context of social constructivism (Vygotsky, 2008).

Currently, my favoured learning theories are constructivism and social constructivism. In constructivism, learning is perceived as an active process where knowledge is constructed, not acquired. I teach post-primary mathematics to 12 to 18-year-old students, and the interconnectedness of the various fields of mathematics taught at this level requires a constructivist approach to teaching and learning. This is something that was crystallised for me during the interviews with the mathematics key informants.

The paper I submitted for the Learning Theories module in Year 1 was called The van Hiele Model and Learning Theories: Implications for Teaching and Learning Geometry. The research I conducted during the process of creating this paper greatly enhanced my understanding of how geometry is learned and how the van Hiele Model was adopted in the post-primary Mathematics syllabi in the US, Russia and Ireland. The model is set in the context of two of the major learning theories, cognitivism and constructivism. The van Hiele levels are similar to Piaget’s stages (Piaget, 1953). I already have a constructivist approach to the use of an application called GeoGebra to support the teaching and learning of geometry in my school. I intend to incorporate the van Hiele theory into future digital content that I create with GeoGebra. Here is the link to this paper from my ePortfolio:

Instructional Design and eAuthoring

As part of the assessment of the second module of Year 1, I designed, developed and evaluated an eLearning resource called ‘Composting’ as part of a four-person group. I volunteered to carry out the development work using Adobe Captivate 9. Before I began the MSc course, my personal research had identified Adobe Captivate as one of the most popular tools used in commercial eLearning development. Subsequently, I discovered it to be a bloated amalgam of disparate software components, and that it is unwieldy and difficult to use. Nonetheless, I did become quite proficient in using this software application. However, I am unlikely to use Adobe Captivate to create future eLearning material relating to my practice.

During the literature review for my Applied Project, I began the process of researching and evaluating alternatives to Adobe Captivate for future use. A comprehensive list of these tools, with accompanying descriptions, may be found in a PDF document available online and updated regularly (McIntosh, 2018). The list contains links to sophisticated adaptive learning authoring tools developed by two Irish companies, RealizeIt and FishTree (Fishtree, 2018; Realizeit, 2018). Prior to Year 2 of the MSc, I was not aware of the existence of authoring tools specific to adaptive learning. I had meetings to discuss these authoring tools with the co-founders of both companies towards the end of my Applied Project. In the meantime, here is the link to the eLearning resource I developed for this module:

Technology Enhanced Learning, Teaching, and Assessment (TELTA)
The TELTA module was fully online and this made it very interesting and challenging. This was my first time to extensively collaborate online using audio and video. Each week for eight weeks there was a project to be completed, sometimes individual and other times group-based.

For Topic 1 of the TELTA Module, I wrote a response to the key reading What’s the use of a VLE. On reflection, I considered this to be an important piece of learning, as it enlightened me in relation to current thinking about, and use of, the VLE (aka LMS). Given that much of the TELTA module involved using the collaborative technology integrated into Blackboard, it was interesting to discover that in a survey of DIT lecturers, only 5% used it to collaborate via webinars (O’Rourke, Rooney, and Boylan, 2015). The main thing that I learned from the TELTA module is how difficult it is to collaborate online with Blackboard.

Over the past few years, I have been trying to move my school towards adopting a single institutional LMS. During that time, a variety of LMSs including Edmodo and Schoology have been explored and trialled. For one of the individual projects in this module, I developed a screencast demonstrating how to set up new users on Moodle. I did this because I was interested in encouraging my work colleagues to migrate to Moodle as the school’s LMS of choice. I used Adobe Captivate 9 to create the screencast, and I then published it on Vimeo, as well as uploading it to my ePortfolio. This was a very useful learning experience as I had not created a screencast before and I wasn’t quite aware of how useful it is as an eLearning tool to train people how to use a specific software application. I can see how beneficial it will be for my work colleagues and I to create and use screencasts in the future.

It was interesting and informative to use the application Slack to collaborate with the other students and lecturers during this module. I had used Slack during the previous module (Instructional Design), after it was recommended to me by one of my group members. Many of my class colleagues preferred to use Slack to the collaborative tools in Blackboard. During Year 2 of the MSc, I began using Microsoft Teams for online collaboration as part of a new Digital Leaders group I created in my school. Microsoft Teams is similar to Slack, and the reason we chose Teams is that it is part of the corporate Office 365 productivity suite that my school already uses.

At the end of the TELTA module, I had to submit an annotated mind map as a capstone task. I designed an eight-week module called Synthetic Geometry for Transition Year Students, and technology was heavily embedded in this module. I created an annotated mind map using Mindomo to demonstrate how the devices, apps, learning theories, research, syllabus and scheme of work could be integrated for the teaching, learning and assessment of Transition Year Geometry. The first ever mind map I created was also during the TELTA module. As part of the class, I was encouraged to use Coggle to create this mind map. However, I wasn’t terribly impressed by Coggle, and this led me to research other mind mapping applications including Mindomo. I think that mind mapping apps are great learning tools because they allow the learner to categorise and organise ideas, and to identify relationships between concepts. I am fairly sure I wouldn’t have used Mindomo to create a domain model as part of my Applied Project in Year 2 if I hadn’t prior experience of mind maps during Year 1. Here is the link to the assessments for this module:

Research Proposal
I had spent a lot of time working on my research proposal during Year 1 of the MSc and this work paid off. The time and effort was worth it because the resulting document was a very good roadmap for the actual research project itself. The feedback I received in the ‘Research Proposal Marksheet’ was very positive, and I took the decision to submit an unchanged document as my final proposal.

The most substantial piece of learning for me was the insight and knowledge I developed in the area of adaptive learning and personalisation during my literature review. I knew hardly anything about this area up until March 2017.

I didn’t wait until the start of the Educational Research Design module in April 2017 to begin work on my research proposal. It began a month earlier with some Google searches on the key phrase “adaptive learning.” I discovered the existence of a new EU Horizon Project called Newton (EU Horizon, 2018) and emailed a number of the Irish participants from Dublin City University, National College of Ireland, and a company called Adaptemy. Dr Ioana Ghergulescu, Head of Adaptive Learning, Adaptemy agreed to meet me at their company offices in Lower Mount Street, Dublin 2 on 13th April 2017, and she suggested that I start reading the work of Peter Brusilovsky (University of Pittsburgh, and particularly a seminal 2007 work co-authored with Eva Millán (Brusilovsky & Millán, 2007).

This really was the key to unlocking the entire field of adaptive learning for me. This piece by Brusilovsky and Millán ultimately lead to me reading the work of his close colleague Professor Paul de Bra (Technical University Eindhoven) and Professor Vincent Wade (Trinity College Dublin). A series of emails between de Bra and I led to me using the GAM AT authoring tool developed by a Masters student of de Bra (Marc Craenen). The following year, I interviewed Professor Vincent Wade as one of my Adaptive Learning Key Informants for my Year 2 Applied Project case study.

Applied Research Project (Year 2)
It is important to create a realistic schedule and to stick to it. During the actual Applied Project itself in Year 2, I discovered that I was able to adhere to most of the schedule I had created during the Research Proposal in Year 1. The specific research question for my project, evaluating a domain model, arose from a brainstorming session I had with Dr Glenn Strong and Dr Richard Millwood (both Trinity College Dublin) in the Science Gallery in 19th April 2017.

I designed, developed and evaluated five domain model artefacts for a possible future adaptive learning system during Year 2. This provided me with some great insights into the relationships between concepts, topics, and learning outcomes. The evaluation process, especially the interviews with key informants, was invaluable in informing me about the strengths and weaknesses of my artefacts. The evaluation provided evidence that the screencast I developed to explicate these artefacts was very effective. I was very impressed with how much I learned by using an exploratory case study research design.

I learned many new things from the Applied Project. The most important piece of learning for me was augmenting and refining my new knowledge in the area of adaptive learning and personalisation. I was able to do this through further research, and through the interviews with the Adaptive Learning Expert key informants. I discovered how exciting and difficult it is to develop domain model artefacts. The tools that I used were effective in producing domain model artefacts. However, the user interfaces and paradigms they use, as well as their lack of sophistication, mean that I won’t use any of the three applications (GAM AT, Mindmo and Rhumbl) to create more sophisticated and useful domain models in the future. The problem is that, as I learned from the Adaptive Expert key informants, there isn’t any decent application software available academically or commercially to develop the type of domain models I wish to create as the base layer of adaptive learning courseware for mathematics.

I developed great insight into how other Maths professionals believe mathematics should be taught and learned through my interviews with the seven Maths Education Professional key informants. The most interesting thing to discover was that they all believed that making connections between the various parts of the mathematics courses was the most important thing to be achieved for the successful teaching and learning of mathematics. Creating these connections is one of the key components of a domain model.

I was happy to be able to write a journal paper that had a coherent thread that connected the research questions to the research design, and right through to the results and conclusions. The writing of the research paper required considerable effort and focus. My editing skills were greatly tested, and my understanding of how to write an academic paper for a research journal was greatly improved during this process.

Overall, the two years I spent on the MSc course has greatly improved my knowledge of eLearning and adaptive learning in particular. I have a better perspective of the different roles for eLearning in education. I now hope to do further research by pursuing a PhD in the area of adaptive learning, and I have already had a number of meetings with Professor Vincent Wade (Trinity College Dublin) in relation to this. I would also like to design and develop commercial grade adaptive learning courseware for post-primary mathematics, something I had vague notions about before completing the two-year MSc in Applied eLearning!


Attwell, G. (2006). Evaluating E-learning: A Guide to the Evaluation of E-learning. Evaluate Europe Handbook Series2, 1610-0875.

Brusilovsky, P., & Millán, E. (2007). User Models for Adaptive Hypermedia and Adaptive Educational Systems. In P. Brusilovsky, A. Kobsa, & W. Nejdl (Eds.), The Adaptive Web (pp. 3-53, Retrieved from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/55cfe/fc79fb172d179c186c117dd172dc171fb176c18786666.pdf). Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.

EU Horizon (2018). EU Horizon 2020 Project: Newton. Retrieved from http://www.newtonproject.eu/

Fishtree. (2018). Fishtree. Retrieved from https://www.fishtree.com/

McIntosh, D. (2018). Adaptive Learning Platforms. In Vendors of Learning Management and eLearning Products (pp. 221-225). Retrieved from https://teachonline.ca/sites/default/files/pdfs/vendors_of_elearning_products_march2018.pdf

O’Rourke, K.C., Rooney, P. and Boylan, F.  (2015). What’s the Use of a VLE? Irish Journal of Academic Practice, 4(1),11.

Piaget, J. (1953). The Origin of Intelligence in the Child. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Realizeit. (2018). Realizeit. Retrieved from http://realizeitlearning.com/

Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). Mind in society: The development of higher psychological processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Zichermann, G., & Cunningham, C. (2011). Gamification by design: Implementing game mechanics in web and mobile apps. ” O’Reilly Media, Inc.”.


S3-Post 01

Year 2 Project Reflection

Reflections on, and lessons learnt, from the various project milestones and phases from September to December 2017.

Figure 1: Gantt Chart (September – December 2017)

Milestone 1: Finalising your proposal and schedule (Deadline: 26/09/17)
A lot of time and effort went into my research proposal during Year 1 of the MSc, and the initial proposal submitted on 29/06/17 was very positively received as evidenced in the ‘Research Proposal Marksheet’. Only minor changes were suggested, so I took the decision to submit an unchanged document as my final proposal. My plan was to incorporate these minor changes with any other changes required later in the Applied Project. This turned out to be a good plan, as the there were important changes required later in the year. Changes were necessitated by a new Junior Cycle Mathematics syllabus that was unexpectedly published in November 2017, the addition of three new key informants (NCCA, Project Maths, Adaptive Learning Expert) to improve the quality and variety of interviews, and the use of three different domain model authoring tools (NCCA, 2017). These changes could easily be incorporated into the initial proposal. I learnt that a solid research proposal, combined with a well thought out and realistic timetable (Table 1), were key components in the success of the overall Applied Project.

Milestone 2: Ethics Submission/Approval (Deadline: 31/10/17)
I began work on my Ethics Submission on 04/11/17 and made an online submission to DIT’s Research Ethics and Integrity Committee (REIC) on 14/11/17. I discovered that I had to carry out work on my project that I had planned for later in the year for this submission. Detailed information was required by REIC in relation to the survey and interview questions, and this is something I had not anticipated. In preparing for a future Ethics Submission, I would schedule two weeks for it in my Research Proposal. Approval was granted for this research to be undertaken on 06/02/18 (Table 2).

Milestone 3: Literature Review and Interim Report (Deadline: 17/11/17)
I submitted an interim report to my supervisor on 19/11/17 as well as a literature review on 10/12/17 (Table 2). A very comprehensive literature review pertaining to domain model and adaptive learning had already been carried out for the Research Proposal. This review dealt with conceptual understanding of a function, and referenced the “function concept” as “one of the most important topics in high school mathematics” (Dubinsky & Wilson, 2013). It also alluded to an experimental study suggesting that conceptual and procedural knowledge in mathematics should be taught iteratively (Rittle-Johnson, Siegler, & Alibali, 2001). However, I could not discover literature that demonstrated a specific link between functions and sequences. Part of my domain model used this link and I was somewhat frustrated and disappointed not to find references in the literature.

Milestone 4: WIP Presentation 1 (28/11/17)
The formative feedback that I received the day after my presentation was very positive. It was great to receive the feedback so quickly, as I find formative assessment is important for my own motivation. The link between formative assessment and the motivation and self-esteem of students was brought into sharp focus with the publishing of a seminal paper by Paul Black and Dylan Wiliam at the end of the twentieth century (Black & Wiliam, 1998). I learnt that I included too much technical detail, and I didn’t tell the overall ‘story’ of my project as well as I could (Table 2). In future, I will try to make my presentations shorter, make the narrative a ‘story’, and not assume that my audience has prior knowledge of my field of research.

Phase 1 – Design and Develop Digital Artefacts (01/09/17 to 31/12/17)
In May 2017, I envisaged using a single domain model authoring tool (GAT) from the GRAPPLE project (GRAPPLE, 2011). However, in June 2017 Professor Paul de Bra informed me by email that a new authoring tool (GAM AT) to replace GAT was being developed by a Masters student of his in Eindhoven. I made the decision to use the newer GAT AT, and this delayed the start of my domain model development work from early September to early October 2017. When it finally become available for me to use, I discovered that it contained bugs and no user manual. Getting the software to work at all was extremely challenging. The developer (Marc Craenen) was very helpful though and I spent a number of hours talking to him on WhatsApp. He remotely logged into my Mac using TeamViewer, and there were many emails exchanged between us. I don’t think there are any lessons to learn from this other than using early versions of software is riskier than using mature applications. I didn’t have much choice in the matter as there aren’t many domain model authoring tools to choose from. Paul de Bra advised me not to use the older GAT tool.

Ultimately, I ended up using three different authoring tools: GAM AT, Mindomo, and Rhumbl Maps (Craenen, 2017; Mindomo, 2018; Rhumbl, 2018). This is not something I envisaged or anticipated at the start of the project. I used Mindomo because the user interface of GAM AT did not allow me to draw a domain model. I ended up sketching models with pen and paper, and I discovered that these sketches looked like mind maps. This is why I decided to use a mind mapping application, and since I had a positive experience using Mindomo during the TELTA module in Year 1, I opted to use it again in Year 2. Rhumbl is something I almost ‘accidentally’ discovered and I decided to use it as it was described as a concept-mapping tool. However, I later discovered that it simply maps learning outcomes and topics, whereas domain models link concepts to other concepts. I am still happy that I used Rhumbl in my evaluation because it allowed me to further explore the relationships between concepts, topics and learning outcomes.

I feel I learnt more about different design and development approaches to domain model authoring by using different tools. The different design paradigms utilised by these tools led to different domain model designs that provided me with a greater insight into domain modelling. Microsoft Access and Excel were the two software applications that were of great assistance in the learning outcome decomposition process. I hadn’t anticipated how valuable Excel would be before the project commenced. I discovered myself working interdependently, rather than chronologically, with these five applications. Therefore, to a large extent the domain models were developed concurrently. It would be great if a single domain model authoring tool that has a mind mapping interface as well as some basic spreadsheet functionality became available in the future. The five domain model artefacts (three Mindomo, one GAM AT, one Rhumbl Maps) were developed between 07/10/17 and 15/02/18 (Tables 1, 3). According to my schedule, the domain model artefacts should have been completed by 31/12/17. This meant that my project was behind schedule by approximately six weeks. However, I had spent two weeks working on other aspects of my project during the ethics submission process, so this meant that I was really about four weeks behind schedule.

Phase 2 – Design online survey, interview format, topics/questions (01/09/17 to 31/12/17)
The early versions of the survey questionnaires and interview themes were created during the ethics submission preparation period between 04/11/17 and 14/11/17. It was invaluable to have draft versions of these created early in the research project. This made it easier to improve their quality later in the project. If I am to embark upon a similar project in the future, I will try to schedule the work so that draft and pilot versions of work, for different components of the project, are carried out earlier rather than later. The final versions of the questionnaires were ready by 27/02/18 (Mk 2 – School) and 05/03/18 (Mk 3 – IMTA) (Tables 1, 3).

Reflections on, and lessons learnt, from the various project milestones and phases from January to June 2018.

Figure 2: Gantt Chart (January – June 2018)

Milestone 5: Implementing and evaluating the project with your target user group (16/03/18)
This involved completing Phases 3, 4, 5 (see below) (Table 2).

Phase 3 – Implement online survey of IMTA members (01/01/18 to 31/01/18)
As detailed in my research proposal, I suggested that I would invite teachers from the Irish Mathematics Teachers’ Association (IMTA) to participate in my survey. I had hoped “to get upwards of fifty responses” using this method. Ultimately, I only got 26 responses and I think this was due to the onerous time demands on the survey participants. They were required to view a screencast that was 41 minutes long, as well as complete a Google Forms survey that would have taken approximately 20 minutes to complete. If I carry out surveys in future research, I will significantly reduce the time demands on participants.

Prior to implementing the IMTA survey, I decided to carry out a ‘test survey’ using Mathematics teachers from the post-primary school where I worked. I received 10 responses between 27/02/18 to 03/03/18. Having reflected on the ‘test questionnaire’ and responses, I decided to add six extra questions for the IMTA survey. It took from 05/03/18 to 06/04/18 to get 26 responses from IMTA participants.

Since the number of participants was lower than the anticipated 50 responses, I decided to combine the two surveys so that I had 36 responses to the common 30 questions in both questionnaires, as well as 26 responses to the extra six questions. It was also necessary to ‘manually’ merge the two sets of data that had each been imported from Google Forms to Microsoft Excel. I consider this to be a minor methodological limitation to my Applied Project.

Before the online survey and interviews could take place, one further artefact needed to be created. I wasn’t aware that I was required to create this artefact, as well as the domain model artefacts, until a meeting with my project supervisor. Originally, I tried to create an eLearning tutorial using Adobe Captivate 9 but I discovered that this wasn’t working out. The tutorial courseware I created during the instructional design module was successful. However, this time around I was concerned that the stage ‘actors’ and general methodology I was using in the tutorial was in danger of treating the adult participants as children. I then remembered the screencast I had created during the TELTA module, and after some experimentation, this is the design paradigm I ultimately decided to use.

The screencast I produced explicated the learning outcome decomposition process and domain model artefacts for the participants. The screencast turned out to be both useful and necessary in relation to educating them so that they could answer the survey and interview questions.

I used the 10-day mid-term break in February 2018 to complete a significant amount of work on the screencast. This was cognitively and technically challenging as well as very time consuming. It was difficult to tell the complex story of domain models and adaptive learning to a non-expert audience. The graphic output produced in the Adobe Captivate 9 output was originally of poor quality. Eventually, I surmounted this technical challenge by using Adobe Reader, Microsoft PowerPoint and alternative ways of processing the graphics in Captivate. The development of the screencast seemed to go on forever! The screencasts were developed using Adobe Captivate 9 between 23/01/18 and 04/03/18 (Tables 1, 3).

A total of 134 emails were exchanged between the IMTA and me between 19/11/17 and 05/04/18 with the two surveys completed between 27/02/18 and 06/04/18 (Table 3). These emails were to and from eight different branches of the IMTA (Clare, Donegal, Dublin, Galway, Kerry, Midlands, Waterford, Kerry). This exercise was required to maximise the response and to aim for nationwide participation. This was challenging, but there wasn’t any easier method of accessing these teachers. It might have been a little easier if IMTA used an online forum with instant messaging.

Phase 4 – Implement interviews with key informants (01/01/18 to 31/01/18)
Most of the interviews took place between 06/03/18 and 21/03/18. Nine key informants agreed to be interviewed, six of whom were referenced in my initial research proposal. I decided to use two extra Mathematics Educations Professionals (MEPs), sourced from Project Maths Development Group (PMDG) and National Council for Curriculum and Assessment (NCCA), instead of two Mathematics teachers. These two additional MEPs had a lot of experience with designing and implementing new Mathematics syllabuses in Ireland (Tables 1, 3). These were important additions as my domain model was based on the new syllabus. Both MEPs provided me with important insights into curriculum development during the interviews.

The most interesting thing to discover from the MEPs was that they all believed that making connections between the various parts of the mathematics courses was the most important thing to be achieved for the successful teaching and learning of mathematics. Creating these connections is one of the key components of a domain model. This is consistent with my philosophical standpoint that the interconnectedness of the various fields of mathematics requires a constructivist approach to teaching and learning.

Phase 5 – Data Analysis (01/01/18 to 31/01/18)
I personally carried out all of the transcribing, and this took an enormous amount of time. It required in the region of 12 to 15 hours to transcribe one hour of interview audio. The transcribing process took the entire month of April to complete. This included working full time on this activity for the two week Easter holiday period in April 2018. I had been made aware in advance that transcribing would be time consuming but I didn’t really appreciate the considerable and tedious work involved until later.

I had not transcribed interviews before, so it was interesting to learn Google Voice and use it, in conjunction with ‘parroting’, for some of the transcribing process. However, I found that using headphones and listening to the audio played via VLC Player on a computer at half speed while simultaneously word processing the text in Google Docs was the most effective method.

The advantage of personally transcribing the interviews was that it allowed me to take notes and do some initial data analysis. If I were to carry out interviews for a future research study, I would definitely try to save time by either outsourcing the transcribing process, or preferably find a suitable software application to automatically transcribe the interviews.

The actual analysis of the interview data by theme and by question mainly took place during May 2018 (Tables 1, 3). The use of semi-structured questions meant that most of the themes were pre-ordained and this was very helpful.

The data analysis of the Google Forms survey was greatly assisted by Microsoft Excel. It still took a considerable amount of time, especially having to merge two surveys and triangulate with the interview data. For a future survey, I would try to ensure that I only have one survey to deal with.

Milestone 6: WIP Presentation 2 (15/05/18)
The formative feedback that I received the day after my presentation was fairly positive. However, it appeared that I could have provided more information about the findings and responses of the participants, and provide less information on the technical details of the project (Table 2). I don’t think that I fully learned from WIP Presentation 1 (28/11/17) that I need to make the narrative a ‘story’. I went in with the idea that I could just bring my audience on a whistle-stop tour of my ePortfolio.

Milestone 7: Applied e-learning Project Submission (24/05/18)
This was submitted to my Supervisor and First Reader well in advance of the deadline date 4th June 2018 (Table 2).

Milestone 8: Journal Paper Submission (09/07/18)
This was emailed to the Supervisor and First Reader a week after the deadline date of 2nd July 2018, having been granted an extension of one week (Table 2). I worked on the journal paper full time for just over five weeks, from 1st June until 9th July 2018. I learnt that I should have provided my supervisor with a first full draft of my paper a little bit earlier. This might have avoided a certain amount of restructuring, and the one-week extension. The formative feedback from both the Supervisor and First Reader was excellent and helped to produce a better quality final paper. The Microsoft Word markup tool that they both used is a great way to receive and utilise formative feedback. However, interactive conversation via telephone was also very useful during the paper restructuring process.

Milestone 9: e-Portfolio Submission (09/07/18)
The URL was submitted to the Supervisor and First Reader a week after the deadline date of 2nd July 2018 having been granted an extension of one week (Table 2). I received an email on 20th August 2018 from them suggesting a number of changes to my ePortfolio. I learnt that my Project Reflection and Reflection on Practice were not properly following a reflective model. Rolfe, Freshwater, & Jasper, 2001 suggested a model based upon three simple questions: What? So what? Now what? After an exchange of a small number of emails, and a 40-minute telephone conversation with my Supervisor and First Reader on 22nd August 2018, I felt that I understood what changes I needed to make to the two reflective pieces, my eLearning Philosophy statement, and also what revisions were required to make my ePortfolio easier to navigate and look more professional.



Black, P., & Wiliam, D. (1998). Inside the Black Box: Raising Standards through Classroom Assessment. The Phi Delta Kappan, 80(2), 139-148. https://www.rdc.udel.edu/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/InsideBlackBox.pdf

Craenen, M. (2017). GAM Authoring Tool: An authoring tool for GALE. (Master’s thesis), Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherland. Retrieved from https://pure.tue.nl/ws/files/91106245/Craenen_Marc_Thesis_CSE.pdf

Dubinsky, E., & Wilson, R. T. (2013). High school students’ understanding of the function concept. The Journal of Mathematical Behavior, 32(1), 83-101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmathb.2012.12.001

GRAPPLE. (2011). Welcome to the GRAPPLE project Website. Retrieved from http://grapple.win.tue.nl/home.html

Mindomo. (2018). Collaborative mind mapping, concept mapping, outlining. Retrieved from https://www.mindomo.com/

NCCA. (2017). Draft Specification for Junior Cycle Mathematics. Dublin: NCCA Retrieved from https://www.ncca.ie/media/3163/jcmathematics_draft_specification.pdf

Rhumbl. (2018). Interactive data visualization for exploration, engagement and analytics. Retrieved from https://rhumbl.com/

Rittle-Johnson, B., Siegler, R. S., & Alibali, M. W. (2001). Developing conceptual understanding and procedural skill in mathematics: An iterative process. Journal of Educational Psychology, 93(2), 346-362. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.93.2.346

Rolfe, G., Freshwater, D., & Jasper, M. (2001). Critical reflection in nursing and the helping professions: a user’s guide. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.